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The county of Holland was the western part of The Netherlands, stretching approximately from the island of Texel in the north to Dordrecht in the south.The county is first referred to by the name "Holland" in a charter dated 1101.After this date, northern Lotharingia remained under East Frankish suzerainty.Although the West Frankish kingdom disputed East Frankish superiority in the whole of Lotharingia, its incursions and temporary acquisitions never reached as far north as The Netherlands. His study is extensive but may not be exhaustive: for example, Vanderkindere in his work on the Lotharingian territories names some additional pagi in Frisia, omits some of Van den Bergh's, and amalgamates others.The area constituted a convenient staging post from which to launch raids on Frankish territory further to the south.The first Frisian land to be ceded to the Danes was Rstringen, on the mouth of the river Weser in upper Frisia (north-west Germany), which was granted to Harald King of Denmark in 826.Van den Bergh further sub-categorises the "Frisian" category of pagi into three groups.
The Divisio Imperii dated [Feb 831] refers to "Frisi" as one of the territories assigned to the kingdom of Bavaria, but does not name its component counties.
The Divisio Imperii of Jun 839 assigns, among other lands, "ducatum Fresica usque Mosamcomitatum Hamarlant, comitatum Batavorum, comitatum Testrabenticum, Dorestado" to the kingdom of Italy (equivalent to the kingdom which would later be called Lotharingia).
The 839 text implies that the four named counties were vassals of the duchy of Frisia.
Of the different entities named in these sources, Van den Bergh retains four: firstly, Hunsingo, north of Groningen along the North Sea coast between the river Hunse in the west and Fivilgo in the east, thirdly, Hugmerchi (Humerche or Humerke, or Humsterland), which lay south of the river Hunse, west of Middagsterland, east of the river Lauwers, marking the border with Oostergo, and north of Drenthe, under the original jurisdiction of the dukes of Frisia and all located in the area east of the river Ems in what is today the north-western corner of the German Land of Niedersachsen (where the county of Ostfriesland evolved in the late 14th/early 15th centuries).
Van den Bergh's second group of "Frisian" pagi consists of Oostergo (Ostraga) and Westergo (Westraga), which lay to the west and south-west of Groningen, between the rivers Lauwers and Vlie, in the present-day Dutch province of Friesland.
This is suggested by the wife of Theoderich, Saxon ruler and father of the second wife of Heinrich I King of Germany, being named "Reinhildam, Danorum Fresonumque germine procreatam" in the Vita Mathildis Regin (see the document SAXONY, DUKES & ELECTORS).