Pl sql if inserting updating

Posted by / 29-Nov-2019 08:54

The resulting summary can be used in place of the original table for certain queries — often with vastly reduced run times.This technique is commonly used in Data Warehousing, where the tables of measured or observed data (called fact tables) might be extremely large.These triggers provide a way of updating elements of the nested table. CALL foo (ora_login_user) / CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE Before_delete (Id IN NUMBER, Ename VARCHAR2) IS language Java name 'thjv Triggers.before Delete ( CHAR)'; CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER Pre_del_trigger BEFORE DELETE ON Tab FOR EACH ROW CALL Before_delete (:old. Ename) Within a trigger body of a row trigger, the PL/SQL code and SQL statements have access to the old and new column values of the current row affected by the triggering statement.They fire for each nested table element being modified. Two correlation names exist for every column of the table being modified: one for the old column value, and one for the new column value.Example 39-6 shows an example of a trigger procedure in -- -- Main tables - time dimension and sales fact.-- CREATE TABLE time_dimension ( time_key integer NOT NULL, day_of_week integer NOT NULL, day_of_month integer NOT NULL, month integer NOT NULL, quarter integer NOT NULL, year integer NOT NULL ); CREATE UNIQUE INDEX time_dimension_key ON time_dimension(time_key); CREATE TABLE sales_fact ( time_key integer NOT NULL, product_key integer NOT NULL, store_key integer NOT NULL, amount_sold numeric(12,2) NOT NULL, units_sold integer NOT NULL, amount_cost numeric(12,2) NOT NULL ); CREATE INDEX sales_fact_time ON sales_fact(time_key); -- -- Summary table - sales by time.If a triggering statement omits a column list, the trigger is fired when any column of the associated table is updated. These statements are run if the triggering statement is entered and if the trigger restriction (if included) evaluates to CONNECT system/manager GRANT ADMINISTER DATABASE TRIGGER TO scott; CONNECT scott/tiger CREATE TABLE audit_table ( seq number, user_at VARCHAR2(10), time_now DATE, term VARCHAR2(10), job VARCHAR2(10), proc VARCHAR2(10), enum NUMBER); CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE foo (c VARCHAR2) AS BEGIN INSERT INTO Audit_table (user_at) VALUES(c); END; CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER logontrig AFTER LOGON ON DATABASE -- Just call an existing procedure.A column list cannot be specified for CREATE TABLE Project_tab ( Prj_level NUMBER, Projno NUMBER, Resp_dept NUMBER); CREATE TABLE Emp_tab ( Empno NUMBER NOT NULL, Ename VARCHAR2(10), Job VARCHAR2(9), Mgr NUMBER(4), Hiredate DATE, Sal NUMBER(7,2), Comm NUMBER(7,2), Deptno NUMBER(2) NOT NULL); CREATE TABLE Dept_tab ( Deptno NUMBER(2) NOT NULL, Dname VARCHAR2(14), Loc VARCHAR2(13), Mgr_no NUMBER, Dept_type NUMBER); CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW manager_info AS SELECT e.ename, e.empno, d.dept_type, d.deptno, p.prj_level, p.projno FROM Emp_tab e, Dept_tab d, Project_tab p WHERE e.empno = d.mgr_no AND d.deptno = p.resp_dept; CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER manager_info_insert INSTEAD OF INSERT ON manager_info REFERENCING NEW AS n -- new manager information FOR EACH ROW DECLARE rowcnt number; BEGIN SELECT COUNT(*) INTO rowcnt FROM Emp_tab WHERE empno = :n.empno; IF rowcnt = 0 THEN INSERT INTO Emp_tab (empno,ename) VALUES (:n.empno, :n.ename); ELSE UPDATE Emp_tab SET Emp_tab.ename = :n.ename WHERE Emp_tab.empno = :n.empno; END IF; SELECT COUNT(*) INTO rowcnt FROM Dept_tab WHERE deptno = :n.deptno; IF rowcnt = 0 THEN INSERT INTO Dept_tab (deptno, dept_type) VALUES(:n.deptno, :n.dept_type); ELSE UPDATE Dept_tab SET Dept_tab.dept_type = :n.dept_type WHERE Dept_tab.deptno = :n.deptno; END IF; SELECT COUNT(*) INTO rowcnt FROM Project_tab WHERE Project_tab.projno = :n.projno; IF rowcnt = 0 THEN INSERT INTO Project_tab (projno, prj_level) VALUES(:n.projno, :n.prj_level); ELSE UPDATE Project_tab SET Project_tab.prj_level = :n.prj_level WHERE Project_tab.projno = :n.projno; END IF; END; triggers can also be created over nested table view columns. The ORA_LOGIN_USER is a function -- that returns information about the event that fired the trigger.

LAST_APPLIED_DATE,'DD-MON-YYYY'))/12 INTO years_since_last_applied FROM dual; -- Check whether years_since_last_applied is greater than 2 years or not IF (years_since_last_applied -- setting date format to to 'DD-MON-YYYY' alter session set nls_date_format = 'DD-MON-YYYY'; INSERT INTO job_openings VALUES (1,'Mark','Sharma',10,'01-JAN-2012'); INSERT INTO job_openings VALUES (2,'Praveen','Kumar',4,'01-DEC-2010'); INSERT INTO job_openings VALUES (3,'Rahul','Kohli',6,null); -- output 1 rows inserted. TRG_BEFORE_EMP_UPDATE' -- Try to update last_Applied_Date which is less than 2 years UPDATE job_openings SET LAST_APPLIED_DATE = '10-JUN-2016' where APPLICATION_ID = 3; -- error Error report - ORA-20000: Previous application attempt must not be done in last 2 years. TRG_BEFORE_EMP_UPDATE", line 15 ORA-04088: error during execution of trigger 'SYSTEM. UPDATED_DATE := sysdate; END; -- setting date format to to 'DD-MON-YYYY' alter session set nls_date_format = 'DD-MON-YYYY'; INSERT INTO person_records VALUES (101,'Devil','Khedut',sysdate,null,null); INSERT INTO person_records VALUES (102,'Kanji','Yadav',sysdate,null,null); -- output 1 rows inserted. CREATE TABLE bank_transactions_audit ( TXN_ID number(10), TXN_NUMBER varchar2(20), PARTY_NAME varchar2(50), TXN_DATE date, CREATED_BY varchar2(20), CREATED_DATE date ); --Creating Trigger CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER trg_before_update_txn_audit BEFORE UPDATE ON bank_transactions FOR EACH ROW BEGIN -- Insert OLD values in audit table for logging purpose INSERT INTO bank_transactions_audit VALUES(: OLD.

triggers (which are always row-level triggers, and may only be used on views) can return null to signal that they did not perform any updates, and that the rest of the operation for this row should be skipped (i.e., subsequent triggers are not fired, and the row is not counted in the rows-affected status for the surrounding is always ignored; it might as well be null.

However, any of these types of triggers might still abort the entire operation by raising an error.

TRG_BEFORE_EMP_UPDATE' --Creating person_records table. CREATE TABLE person_records ( PERSON_ID number(10) primary key, FIRST_NAME varchar2(50), LAST_NAME varchar2(50), HIRE_DATE date, UPDATED_BY varchar2(20), UPDATED_DATE date ); CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER trg_before_person_update BEFORE UPDATE on person_records FOR EACH ROW DECLARE username varchar2(20); BEGIN SELECT USER INTO username FROM dual; -- Setting updated_by and updated_Date values.

UPDATE bank_transactions SET txn_number = 'NEWTXN8080' WHERE txn_id = 1; UPDATE bank_transactions SET txn_number = 'NEWTXN9595' WHERE txn_id = 2; -- output 1 rows updated. Dhaval Dadhaniya is a software engineer by profession and reader/writter by passion.

pl sql if inserting updating-78pl sql if inserting updating-16pl sql if inserting updating-29

CREATED_DATE); END; --Inserting values INSERT INTO BANK_TRANSACTIONS values ('1','TXN1234','Peter Thomas','12-MAY-2017','HR',sysdate); INSERT INTO BANK_TRANSACTIONS values ('2','TXN9999','Jemes Patel','10-JUN-2016','HR',sysdate); select * from BANK_TRANSACTIONS; --updating values.

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